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Gujarat Sarkar Ni Latest Sahay (Lon) Yojana 2017/18

Gujarat Sarkar Ni Latest Sahay (Lon) Yojana 2017/18
The Gujarat Scene  Gujarat has a comparatively small population  of SCs.  According to the 2011 Census, the population of the SCs in Gujarat is 40.74 lakhs,  which comes to 6.74%  of the total population of the State of 604.40 lakhs.  The SCs  in  Gujarat  are  dispersed in  all the districts of the State unlike the Scheduled Tribes the bulk of who live in eight districts in the eastern part of the State. Out of the 18,225 villages in the State,
as  many as  12,808 villages have Scheduled Castes population. There are 3,100 villages and towns  which have SC population of 250  and above.
These villages and towns contain about 50 percent of the total  SC population of the  State. In many villages there are more than one Scheduled  Castes localities.  Though the SC population is found in all the districts  of the State, the larger concentration of them in Ahmedabad, Banaskantha, Junagadh, Mehsana and Vadodara  districts.  This state-wide dispersal of the SCs makes it impossible to adopt an area based development  approach for their economic advancement as has been possible in the case  of the Scheduled Tribes. The SCSP therefore, contains larger element of family oriented schemes. The scope  for infrastructural schemes would be confined to micro-level locality oriented programmes for providing minimum needs of the SC localities.  In the field of education, there has been a significant improvement in the condition of the SCs during the last two decades. According to  the 1961 Census, the literacy rate among the Scheduled Castes was 22.46% against the rate of  30.45% for the general population.  By 2011, the literacy rate among  the SCs went up to 79.18%, which is slightly higher than the general literacy rate  of the State which is 78.03%. The SC  female literacy rate  of 69.9% is at par with the general literacy rate of  69.7 There has been  remarkable  increase  in  male literacy rate which is 87.9 % and higher than the general literacy rate of 85.8%
As per Census 2017, classification of population  be economic activity reveals that out of the total population of 604.40 lakh in the state, 203.65 lakh (33.7 percent)  were main workers, 44.02 lakh (7.3 percent) were marginal workers and 356.72 lakh (59.0 percent) were nonworkers.  Among males 52.6 percent were main  workers, 4.6 percent were marginal workers and remaining 42.8 percent were non-workers,  while among females 13.1 percent were main workers, 10.3 percent were marginal  workers  and remaining 76.6 percent were non-workers. Even  among  the  SCs, there  are  wide  socio-economic disparities  between  different Castes - Valmiki, Hadi, Nadia, Garo(Garoda), Turi, SC  Bava, Vankar Sadhu,Senva, Turi-barot, TirgarTirbanda, Thori and Matang  communities being  the most backward among them. These   vulnerable  communities,  whose   population  is approximately  8.00  lakhs, are therefore   singled  out  for special treatment and exclusive schemes have been formulated for their benefit.
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